From physical places to literary fiction, for centuries Spain has inhabited the creative imagination of writers from all over the world. Not only has it inspired the magic in local writers, who have produced wonders of world literature like Miguel de Cervantes' "Don Quixote of La Mancha," but also a diverse array of international writers, such as Ernest Hemingway, who once confessed to loving Spain more than any other country, and whose works "The Sun Also Rises" and "For Whom the Bell Tolls" are the ultimate example of this love.

Spain has served as the backdrop and soul for these remarkable literary works, and even today you can visit the places that inspired them. Here is the UrbaMarkt community's Top 10 list of notable literary works that were inspired by or set in Spanish locations:

1. Barcelona
"The Shadow of the Wind" by Carlos Ruiz Zafón: "And keep your dreams, for they are the stuff life is made of." Set in the winding streets and hidden corners of Barcelona's most historic neighborhoods, this book explores the mysterious Cemetery of Forgotten Books. It is a gothic novel of mystery and fiction.

2. Madrid
"The Sun Also Rises" by Ernest Hemingway: "I can't stand thinking that my life is going so fast and I'm not really living it." While the main star is the San Fermín Festival in Pamplona, parts of the story take place in Madrid, where the characters often gather in cafes, hotels, and squares near Puerta del Sol.

3. Granada
"Tales of the Alhambra" by Washington Irving: "Here sat the Moorish kings when Granada was their royal residence. Here reigned Boabdil el Chico, the last of his line, until around the end of the 15th century when he surrendered his city to the Spanish sovereigns." This collection of stories is inspired by the enchanting Alhambra palace in Granada, showcasing its beauty, history, and legends. The author said in confidence, "How unworthy are my scribblings of this place!"

4. Seville
"The House of Bernarda Alba" by Federico García Lorca: "Silence never did anyone any good. Silence is a crime against humanity." Seville, in Andalusia, has inspired the works of Federico García Lorca, including "The House of Bernarda Alba". The plot unfolds in the beautiful region of Andalusia, which includes Seville.

5. Ronda
"For Whom the Bell Tolls" by Ernest Hemingway: Although the story takes place during the Spanish Civil War, the dramatic landscapes of Ronda and the New Bridge are associated with the book. "Worrying is as bad as being afraid. It only makes things more difficult."

6. Galicia
"The Adventures of Captain Alatriste" by Arturo Pérez-Reverte: This series of adventure novels follows the exploits of Captain Diego Alatriste, often set in Galicia and other parts of Spain. The books in this series contain a wealth of references to the Spanish territory. "He was not the most honest or pious man, but he was a brave man."

7. Guipúzcoa
"Patria" by Fernando Aramburu: "Asking for forgiveness requires more courage than shooting a gun, than setting off a bomb." The definitive work that portrays over 30 years of life in the Basque Country during the period of terrorism. Considered one of the greatest contemporary Spanish works of all time, it had a significant commercial impact and was well received by critics, winning several literary awards, including the National Narrative Prize.

8. Valencia
"The Ice and Fire Train" by Javier Ruescas: "This train is magical, not because it's a magical train, but because it's the one that will change your life." Valencia serves as the backdrop for contemporary works of great critical acclaim like "The Ice and Fire Train". The vibrant urban landscape and cultural heritage of Valencia are presented in the most captivating way on its pages.

9. Zaragoza
"By the River Piedra I Sat Down and Wept" by Paulo Coelho: "Does God give us every day, along with the sun, a moment when it is possible to change everything that makes us unhappy?" Two childhood friends embark on a journey from Zaragoza towards the neighboring communities of the Pyrenees mountains.

10. La Mancha and Toledo
And last but certainly not least, the first on any list of the greatest works of world literature: the pinnacle work in Spanish, "Don Quixote of La Mancha," written by Miguel de Cervantes, presents us with a unique experience on the route of Quixote. Following the footsteps of this iconic character, we are transported to a world of intertwined fantasy and reality, where the thin line between madness and sanity is constantly challenged. From the plains of La Mancha to the mountains of Montes de Toledo, we can witness the journey of the wandering knight, accompanied by his loyal squire Sancho Panza. "In a village of La Mancha, the name of which I have no desire to recall, there lived not long ago one of those gentlemen who keep a lance in the lance-rack, an old buckler, a lean hack, and a greyhound for coursing."

These are just a few examples, but there are still many other books to discover, both classics and contemporary works, set in different regions of Spain that capture the essence of the peninsula, the diversity of its landscapes, and the rich cultural heritage of its people!